Mangiferin alleviates ovalbumin-induced allergic rhinitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Mangiferin Alleviates Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Rhinitis via Nrf2/HO-1/NF-κB Signaling Pathways.
Int J Mol Sci. 2020 May 12 ;21(10). Epub 2020 May 12. PMID: 32408566
Chun Hua Piao
Mangiferin (MF), extracted from mango trees, is considered to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and antioxidant effects. However, its effects on allergic rhinitis (AR), remain unclear. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the protective action of MF in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR models. AR was induced by OVA challenge in BALB/c mice. Prior to this, MF and dexamethasone were administered. Mice were examined for nasal mucosal inflammation, the generation of allergen-specific cytokine response, and histopathological changes in the nasal mucosa and lung tissue. MF ameliorated nasal symptoms and nasal mucosa inflammation in OVA-induced AR and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and epithelial disruption in these tissues. MF inhibited the overproduction of Th2/Th17 cytokines and transcription factors. MF downregulated the HO-1/Nrf2 pathways, reduced oxidative stress biomarker levels, and the NF-κB signaling pathways were inhibited. MF exerts protective effects in AR by inhibiting NF-κB and activating HO-1/Nrf2 pathways. MF could be used for the treatment of AR.