Mangiferin induces the expression of a thermogenic signature via AMPK signaling during brown-adipocyte differentiation.
Food Chem Toxicol. 2020 May 14:111415. Epub 2020 May 14. PMID: 32417366
Mangiferin (MF) from Mangifera indica has been serendipitously found to ameliorate obesity and is used as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer agent. Nonetheless, the mechanism of MF-induced brown-adipose-tissue activation has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of MF on thermogenic features during brown-adipocyte differentiation. Treatment with MF improved the expression of a brown-fat signature and of mitochondrial-mass-related genes, thus resulting in UCP1 induction. MF also raised the expression of other thermogenic regulators, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC1α), PR domain-containing protein 16 (PRDM16), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors alpha and gamma (PPAR-α and -γ). MF promoted mitochondrial biogenesis, judging by increased expression of cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor α-like effector A (CIDEA), mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), iodothyronine deiodinase 2 (DIO2), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A (COX7A), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1). MF treatment increased the mitochondrial DNA amount and improved mitochondrial respiratory function by increasing theoxygen consumption rate during brown-adipocyte differentiation. A gene knockdown assay involving small interfering RNA and competitive inhibition with dorsomorphin revealed that MF may promote thermogenesis in brown preadipocytes via activation of AMPK signaling. Collectively, our findings suggest that MF may be a novel pharmaceutical agent that can ameliorate obesity via activation of brown adipose tissue.