[Effect of Mangiferin on Proliferation of FLT3-ITD Mutation Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell MV4-11 and Its Mechanism].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2019 Apr ;27(2):385-389. PMID: 30998142
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mangiferin on proliferation, apoptosis and cycle of FLT3-ITD mutation-positive acute myeloid leukemia cells and its mechanism.
METHODS: The effects of different concentration of mangiferin on proliferation of MV4-11 cells were detected by CCK8 method. Apoptosis, cell cycle and FLT3 transmembrane protein expression were detected by flow cytometry. FLT3 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) .
RESULTS: Mangiferin obviously inhibited MV4-11 proliferation in a concentration and time dependent manner (48 h，r=0.922；72 h，r=0.959；96 h，r=0.973). The ratio of G0/G1 phase in cell cycle increased with the enhancement of concentration of mangiferin in MV4-11 cells for 48 h, and the ratio of S phase decreased with enhasment of concentration. The increase of apoptosis was more obvious. The expressionof FLT3 transmembrane protein significantly decreased after the actior of IC50 concentration of mangiferin in MV4-11 cells for 48 h. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of FLT3 mRNA significantly decreased after treatment of MN4-11 cells with mangiferin (P＜0.05).
CONCLUSION: Mangiferin inhibits MV4-11 cell proliferation, arrests cell cycle progression and promotes apoptosis, which may be related with the inhibition of FLT3 activity by mangiferin and the subsequent signaling pathways involved in apoptosis and proliferation of cells.