Many plant extracts exhibit antiviral activity against coronaviridiae. - GreenMedInfo Summary
In vitro antiviral activity of fifteen plant extracts against avian infectious bronchitis virus.
BMC Vet Res. 2019 May 29 ;15(1):178. Epub 2019 May 29. PMID: 31142304
BACKGROUND: Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a disease that can result in huge economic losses in the poultry industry. The high level of mutations of the IB virus (IBV) leads to the emergence of new serotypes and genotypes, and limits the efficacy of routine prevention. Medicinal plants, or substances derived from them, are being tested as options in the prevention of infectious diseases such as IB in many countries. The objective of this study was to investigate extracts of 15 selected medicinal plants for anti-IBV activity.
RESULTS: Extracts of S. montana, O. vulgare, M. piperita, M. officinalis, T. vulgaris, H. officinalis, S. officinalis and D. canadense showed anti-IBV activity prior to and during infection, while S. montana showed activity prior to and after infection. M. piperita, O. vulgare and T. vulgaris extracts had> 60 SI. In further studies no virus plaques (plaque reduction rate 100%) or cytopathogenic effect (decrease of TCIDfrom 2.0 to 5.0 log) were detected after IBV treatment with extracts of M. piperita, D. canadense and T. vulgaris at concentrations of extracts≥0.25 cytotoxic concentration (CC) (P < 0.05). Both PFU number and TCIDincreased after the use of M. piperita, D. canadense, T. vulgaris and M. officinalis extracts, the concentrations of which were 0.125 CCand 0.25 CC(P < 0.05). Real-time PCR detected IBV RNA after treatment with all plant extracts using concentrations of 1:2 CC, 1:4 CCand 1:8 CC. Delta cycle threshold (Ct) values decreased significantly comparing Ct values of 1:2 CCand 1:8 CCdilutions (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Many extracts of plants acted against IBV prior to and during infection, but the most effective were those of M. piperita, T. vulgaris and D. canadense .