A maple syrup extract alters lipid metabolism in obesity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
A maple syrup extract alters lipid metabolism in obese type 2 diabetic model mice.
Nutr Metab (Lond). 2019 ;16:84. Epub 2019 Dec 4. PMID: 31827572
Background: Some polyphenols are known to improve the symptoms of diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a polyphenol-rich extract of maple syrup (MSx) on a diabetic mouse model.
Methods: KK-mice were fed a normal or 0.05% MSx-supplemented diet for 42 days. Body weight, food intake, serum biochemical parameters, and fecal total bile acid were measured. Gene expression of liver and epididymal white adipose tissue (WAT) and cecal microbiota were analyzed. Data were analyzed with an unpaired two-tailed Student'stest or Welch'stest according to the results of thetest.
Results: Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly reduced in mice that consumed MSx. Hepatic genes related to fatty acid degradation and cholesterol catabolism were upregulated in mice that consumed MSx. In contrast, the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in WAT was unaffected by the intake of MSx. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of total bile acid level in the feces and the relative abundance of bacteria in the cecum.
Conclusion: Our results primarily indicate that MSx can help alleviate one of the symptoms of dyslipidemia.