Maternal Bisphenol S exposure affects the reproductive capacity of F1 and F2 offspring in mice.
Environ Pollut. 2020 Aug 16 ;267:115382. Epub 2020 Aug 16. PMID: 32866863
Bisphenol S (BPS) is an endocrine disruptor which is widely used in commercial plastic products. Previous studies have shown that exposure to BPS has toxic effects on various aspects of mammalian, but there are few reports about reproductive toxicity. In order to investigate the effects of maternal BPS exposure on the reproductive of F1 and F2 female mice, the pregnant mice were orally administered with different dosages of BPS only once every day from 12.5 to 15.5 days post-coitus (dpc). The results showed that maternal BPS exposure to 2 μg per kg of body weight per day (2 μg/kg) and 10 μg/kg accelerated the meiotic prophase I (MPI) of F1 female mice and the expression of the genes related to meiotic were increased. Further studies showed that maternal BPS exposure resulted in a significant increase in the percentage of oocytes enclosed in primordial follicles in the 3 days post-partum (3 dpp) ovaries of F1 female mice. And at the time of 21 days post-partum (21 dpp) in F1 female mice, the number of antral follicles were significantly lower compare to controls. In the study of five-week female mice of F1, we found thatBPS disturbed the folliculogenesis, and the maturation rates and fertilization rates of oocytes were significantly decreased. Of note, maternal BPS exposure disrupted H3K4 and H3K9 tri-methylation levels in F1 ovaries. Maternal BPS exposure only affected the cyst breakdown in F2 female mice. Taken together, our results suggest that, maternal BPS exposure impaired the process of meiosis and oogenesis of F1 and F2 offspring, resulting in abnormal follicular development and serious damage to the reproduction.