Maternal exposure to air pollution and the risk of low birth weight. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Maternal exposure to air pollution and the risk of low birth weight: A meta-analysis of cohort studies.
Environ Res. 2020 11 ;190:109970. Epub 2020 Aug 4. PMID: 32763280
Previous studies have evaluated the relationship between prenatal air pollution exposure and low birth weight, but the results are inconsistent. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to quantitatively analyze the relationship between maternal air pollutant exposure and low birth weight (LBW). PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched to obtain the studies on the relationship between the prenatal exposure of air pollutants and LBW that published as of June 2020. The pooled effects of air pollutant exposure and LBW were calculated using random-effect model (for studies with significant heterogeneity) or fixed-effect model (for studies without significant heterogeneity). Totally, 54 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled effect of PM, PM, NO, CO, SO, and Oexposure on LBW were 1.081 (95% CI: 1.043, 1.120), 1.053 (95% CI: 1.030, 1.076), 1.030 (95% CI: 1.008, 1.053), 1.007 (95% CI: 1.001, 1.014), 1.125 (95% CI: 1.017, 1.244), and 1.045 (95% CI: 1.005, 1.086), respectively. NO(per 10 ppb increase) and CO (per 100 ppb increase) exposure in the first trimester were positively correlated with LBW, of which the pooled effect was 1.022 (95% CI: 1.009, 1. 035) and 1.008 (95% CI: 1.004, 1.012), respectively. PM(per 10 μg/mincrease) exposure in the third trimester significantly affected the LBW, of which the pooled effect was 1.053 (95% CI: 1.010, 1.097). In addition, PM(per 10 μg/mincrease) exposure in the second trimester also significantly affected the LBW, with the pooled effect of 1.011 (95% CI: 1.005, 1.017). Prenatal exposure of the major air pollutants during the entire pregnancy could increase the risk of LBW, while the susceptible window of the pollutants varied.