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Abstract Title:

Melatonin ameliorates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury through SIRT3 activation.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2019 Dec 15 ;239:117036. Epub 2019 Nov 4. PMID: 31697951

Abstract Author(s):

Lili Liu, Hongping Chen, Jing Jin, Zhanbin Tang, Pengqi Yin, Di Zhong, Guozhong Li

Article Affiliation:

Lili Liu

Abstract:

AIMS: Previous literature has shown that melatonin plays a critical role in protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Sirtuin3(SIRT3), as one member of the sirtuin family, protects against oxidative stress-related diseases. However, the association between melatonin and SIRT3 in cerebral I/R injury is not well understood. Our experiment was planned to investigate whether melatonin protects against cerebral I/R injury through SIRT3 activation.

MAIN METHODS: We selected transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mice as the model of cerebral I/R injury. Male C57/BL6 mice were pre-treated with or without a selective SIRT3 inhibitor and then subjected to tMCAO surgery. Melatonin (20 mg/kg) was given to mice by intraperitoneal injection after ischemia and before reperfusion. Then, we observed the changes in the SIRT3 and downstream relative proteins, infarction volume, neurological score, Nissl, H&E and TUNEL staining, and the expression of apoptosis proteins after tMCAO.

KEY FINDINGS: Melatonin upregulated the expression of SIRT3 after tMCAO, and alleviated the neurological dysfunction and cell apoptosis through SIRT3 activation.

SIGNIFICANCE: Our research proved that melatonin promoted SIRT3 expression after tMCAO and alleviated cerebral I/R injury by activating the SIRT3 signaling pathway. This study provides novel therapeutic targets and mechanisms for the treatment of ischemic stroke in the clinic, especially during cerebrovascular reperfusion.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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