Melatonin has an inhibitory effect on DMBA-induced cervical and vaginal cancer in mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Inhibitory effect of melatonin on 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis of the uterine cervix and vagina in mice and mutagenesis in vitro.
Cancer Lett. 2000 Aug 11;156(2):199-205. PMID: 10880770
Forty female CBA mice aged 3-4 months were exposed twice a week during 2 months to intravaginal applications of polyurethane sponges impregnated with 0.1% solution of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) in triethyleneglycol. Three hours after each application the sponges were taken out. Starting from the day of the 1st DMBA application a part of mice was exposed five times a week during 4 months with melatonin in tap water (20 mg/l) given at night time (from 18:00 to 09:00 h). Additional 20 female CBA mice were intact and served as a control. All mice were sacrificed in 6 months after start of the experiment. Seven of 20 mice exposed to DMBA alone developed malignancies in the vagina and cervix uteri and two mice developed benign cervical tumors. No malignancies in vagina and uterine cervix and three vaginal papillomas were observed in mice exposed to DMBA+melatonin. There were no any tumors in intact controls. Two in vitro tests were used for mutagenicity studies: the Ames test (strains TA 97 and TA 98 of Salmonella typhimurium) and the single cell gel electrophoresis assay (SCGE assay or COMET assay) performed on CHOK1 cells. In tested strains melatonin significantly reduced the mutagenicity of DMBA. In the SCGE assay preincubation with melatonin led to a strong inhibition of clastogenic activities of DMBA. Thus, our data indicate that pineal indole hormone melatonin inhibits cervical and vaginal carcinogenesis induced by DMBA in mice and possess antimutagenic and anticlastogenic effect in vitro.