Evaluation of potential pro-survival pathways regulated by melatonin in a murine senescence model.
J Pineal Res. 2008 Nov;45(4):497-505. Epub 2008 Aug 13. PMID: 18705649
Unitat de Farmacologia i Farmacognòsia Facultat de Farmàcia, Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB), Centros de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas, Universitat de Barcelona, Nucli Universitari de Pedralbes, Barcelona, Spain.
We examined the effect of melatonin on pro-survival processes in three groups of mice. Untreated senescence-accelerated mice (SAMP8), melatonin-treated SAMP8 and untreated senescence-accelerated resistant mice (SAMR1) of 10 months old were studied. Melatonin (10 mg/kg) or vehicle (ethanol at 0.066%) was supplied in the drinking water from the end of the first month until the end of the ninth month of life. Differences in the Akt/Erk1-2 pathway and downstream targets were examined and no significant changes were observed, except for beta-catenin. However, sirtuin 1 expression was significantly lower in SAMP8 than in SAMR1. In addition, acetylated p53 and NFkappaB expression were lower in SAMP8 than in SAMR1. These changes were prevented by melatonin. Moreover, the concentration/expression of alpha-secretase was lower and that of amyloid beta aggregates (Abeta) was higher in untreated SAMP8 than in SAMR1. Likewise, the levels of Bid were higher, whereas Bcl-2(XL) levels were lower in SAMP8 than in SAMR1. Melatonin reduced all these changes. We conclude that melatonin improves pro-survival signals and reduces pro-death signals in age-related impairments of neural processes.