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Abstract Title:

Mobile phones affect multiple sperm quality traits: a meta-analysis.

Abstract Source:

F1000Res. 2013 ;2:40. Epub 2013 Feb 12. PMID: 24327874

Abstract Author(s):

Madhukar Shivajirao Dama, M Narayana Bhat

Article Affiliation:

Madhukar Shivajirao Dama

Abstract:

As mobile phone usage is growing rapidly, there is a need for a comprehensive analysis of the literature to inform scientific debates about the adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on sperm quality traits. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of the eligible published research studies on human males of reproductive age. Eleven studies were eligible for this analysis. Based on the meta-analysis, mobile phone use was significantly associated with deterioration in semen quality (Hedges's g = -0.547; 95% CI: -0.713, -0.382; p<0.001). The traits particularly affected adversely were sperm concentration, sperm morphology, sperm motility, proportion of non-progressive motile sperm (%), proportion of slow progressive motile sperm (%), and sperm viability. Direct exposure of spermatozoa to mobile phone radiation withstudy designs also significantly deteriorated the sperm quality (Hedges's g = -2.233; 95% CI: -2.758, -1.708;<0.001), by reducing straight line velocity, fast progressive motility, Hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test score, major axis (µm), minor axis (µm), total sperm motility, perimeter (µm), area (µm), average path velocity, curvilinear velocity, motile spermatozoa, and  acrosome reacted spermatozoa (%). The strength of evidence for the different outcomes varied from very low to very high. The analysis shows that mobile phone use is possibly associated with a number of deleterious effects on the spermatozoa.

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