Metabolic pathways, alterations in miRNAs expression and effects of genetic polymorphisms of bisphenol a analogues: A systematic review.
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 30 ;197:111062. Epub 2021 Mar 30. PMID: 33798517
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most common endocrine disruptors found in the environment and its harmful health effects in humans and wildlife have been extensively reported One of the main aims of this review was to examine the metabolic pathways of BPA and BPA substitutes and the endocrine disrupting properties of their metabolites. According to the available literature, phase I and phase II metabolic reactions play an important role in the detoxification process of bisphenols (BPs), but their metabolism can also lead to the formation of highly reactive metabolites. The second part of this work addresses the associations between exposure to BPA and its analogues with the alterations in miRNAs expression and the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Available scientific evidence shows that BPs can dysregulate the expression of several miRNAs, and in turn, these miRNAs could be considered as epigenetic biomarkers to prevent the development of a variety of BP-mediated diseases. Interestingly, genetic polymorphisms are able to modify the relationship of BPA exposure with the risk of adverse health effects, suggesting that interindividual genetic differences modulate the susceptibility to the effects of environmental contaminants.