In vivo fluid accumulation-inhibitory, anticolonization and anti-inflammatory and in vitro biofilm-inhibitory activities of methyl gallate isolated from Terminalia chebula against fluoroquinolones resistant Vibrio cholerae.
Microb Pathog. 2019 Mar ;128:41-46. Epub 2018 Dec 19. PMID: 30578837
Prasanta K Bag
Acute Vibrio cholerae infection triggers significant inflammatory response and immense fluid secretion in the intestine. In the present study, methyl gallate (MG) isolated from Terminalia chebula was evaluated to determine the in vivo fluid accumulation-inhibitory, anticolonization and anti-inflammatory and in vitro biofilm-inhibitory activities against multi-drug resistant (MDR) V. cholerae. Bacterial membrane-damaging and biofilm-inhibitory activities were determined by membrane perturbation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM); and microdilution assays, respectively. Fluid accumulation-inhibitory and anticolonization activities of MG (23.80-95.23 mg/kg body weight) were determined in 4-5 days old BALB/c mice with an incubation time of 18 h. The effect of MG (1, 50 and 500 mg/kg body weight) on intestinal inflammatory reaction induced by V. cholerae was studied by performing histology in Swiss albino mice. MIC and MBC of MG against thetest strains were 32-64 and 64-256 μg/ml, respectively. MG showed the fluid accumulation-inhibitory activity with inhibition values of 42.86-89.08% at doses between 23.80 and 95.23 mg/kg body weight and significant anticolonization activity (p < 0.0001) against V. choleare in the suckling mouse intestine. MG (500 mg/kg body weight) significantly inhibited the inflammatory reactions induced by V. cholerae compared to the vehicle control. MG exhibited 70% minimum biofilm inhibition concentration of 64 μg/ml and bacterial membrane damaging activity at 1 × MBC. The results obtained in the present study suggest that MG has potential as an effective agent for the treatment of severe secretory and inflammatory diarrheal disease caused by MDR V. cholerae.