MicroRNAs mediate beneficial effects of exercise in heart. - GreenMedInfo Summary
MicroRNAs Mediate Beneficial Effects of Exercise in Heart.
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017 ;1000:261-280. PMID: 29098626
MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs), a group of small non-coding RNAs, repress gene expressions at posttranscriptional level in most cases and are involved in cardiovascular physiology and disease pathogenesis. Increasing evidence has proved that miRNAs are potential regulators of exercise induced cardiac growth and mediate the benefits of exercise in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. In this chapter, we will review the regulatory effects of miRNAs in cardiac adaptations to exercise, and summarize their cardioprotective effects against myocardial infarction, ischemia/reperfusion injury, heart failure, diabetic cardiomyopathy, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and pulmonary hypertension. Also, we will introduce circulating miRNAs in response to acute and chronic exercise. Therefore, miRNAs may serve as novel therapeutic targets and potential biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases.