Antiviral constituents against respiratory viruses from Mikania micrantha.
Arch Dis Child. 2009 Mar;94(3):191-4. Epub 2008 Oct 6. PMID: 19267453
Departments of Biology and Biochemistry and Institute of Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, and Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Pharmacodynamic Constituents of Traditional Chinese Medicine and New Drugs Research, Institute of Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
Phytochemical investigation of the dried aerial parts of Mikania micrantha led to the isolation of a new sesquiterpene, 3beta-acetoxy-1,10-epoxy-4-germacrene-12,8;15,6-diolide (1), along with six known constituents: 1,10-epoxy-4-germacrene-12,8;15,6-diolide (2), dihydromikanolide (3), potassium mikanin 3-sulfate (4), mikanin (5), alpinetin (6), and ergosta-7,22-dien-3beta-ol (7). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and the molecular structures and stereochemistry of sesquiterpene lactones 1-3 were revealed by single-crystal X-ray analysis. Compound 2 showed moderate activity against respiratory syncytial virus (IC(50) = 37.4 uM) and parainfluenza type 3 virus (IC(50) = 37.4 uM) with a therapeutic index (TI) of 16.0 for both compounds. Compound 4, the main component of M. micrantha, exhibited inhibitory activity against parainfluenza type 3 virus with IC(50) (19.7 uM) and TI (24.0) values comparable to those of ribavirin, serving as a positive control.