Mindfulness-based interventions reduce the urge to smoke in college student smokers. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Surfing the urge: brief mindfulness-based intervention for college student smokers.
Psychol Addict Behav. 2009 Dec;23(4):666-71. PMID: 20025372
Addictive Behaviors Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1525, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
The current study investigates effects of a brief mindfulness-based instruction set, based on Marlatt's "urge surfing" technique (Marlatt&Gordon, 1985), on smoking-related urges and behavior. Undergraduate smokers (N = 123) who were interested in changing their smoking, but not currently involved in a cessation program, participated in a cue exposure paradigm designed to elicit urges to smoke. They were randomly assigned either to a group receiving brief mindfulness-based instructions or to a no-instruction control group. Results suggest that groups did not differ significantly on measures of urges. However, those in the mindfulness group smoked significantly fewer cigarettes over a 7-day follow-up period as compared to those in the control group. These findings suggest that the mindfulness techniques may not initially reduce urges to smoke but may change the response to urges. The study provides preliminary data for future studies examining both mechanisms and effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for cigarette smoking.