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Abstract Title:

Mindfulness training for emotion dysregulation in multiple sclerosis: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

Abstract Source:

Rehabil Psychol. 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7. PMID: 32378922

Abstract Author(s):

Brittney Schirda, Elizabeth Duraney, H Kyu Lee, Heena R Manglani, Rebecca R Andridge, Andre Plate, Jaqueline A Nicholas, Ruchika Shaurya Prakash

Article Affiliation:

Brittney Schirda

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: People with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) report greater emotion dysregulation, which is associated with increased symptoms of depression and anxiety, and reduced quality of life. Given the transdiagnostic significance of emotion dysregulation, the current study was designed to assess the feasibility and treatment effects of mindfulness meditation in reducing emotion dysregulation for PwMS.

METHOD: Sixty-one PwMS were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: 4-week mindfulness-based training (MBT), 4-week adaptive cognitive training (aCT), or a waitlist control group. Using self-report and behavioral measures, we examined the effects of MBT on emotion dysregulation, use of emotion regulation strategies, experience of negative and positive affect, and overall quality of life.

RESULTS: Mindfulness training was associated with reduced emotion dysregulation compared with the adaptive cognitive training and the waitlist control group (η² = .20). Relative to the waitlist group, the MBT group also demonstrated reductions on a composite score of preservative cognition, measuring rumination and worry (η² = .15). However, there was no differential use of emotion regulation strategies or between-groups differences in overall quality of life as a function of training.

CONCLUSIONS: Our pilot study provides preliminary support for MBT to reduce self-reported emotion dysregulation in PwMS. Given the widespread prevalence of mental health disturbances in this population, MBT can serve as a promising rehabilitation tool for PwMS (clinicaltrials.gov # NCT02717429). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Study Type : Human Study

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