Case report: mixed cholestatic/hepatocellular liver injury induced by the herbicide quizalofop-p-ethyl.
Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Oct ;115(10):1479-81. PMID: 17938739
Department of Internal Medicine, Hepatology Unit, Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
CONTEXT: Quizalofop-p-ethyl is an often applied, slightly toxic herbicide for which no severe toxicity has been reported in humans.
CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a farmer exposed to quizalofop-p-ethyl who presented with obstructive cholestasis. A complete workup disclosed no other cause of liver pathology, but liver biopsy established drug-induced hepatotoxicity. The patient was treated with ursodeoxycholic acid and prednisolone, and was recovered fully 70 days after his exposure to the herbicide. The patient was followed for the next 9 months.
CONCLUSION: Quizalofop-p-ethyl can induce a mixed cholestatic/hepatocellular liver injury. We discuss possible mechanisms implicated in liver injury after exposure to quizalofop-p-ethyl. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL OR PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE: In patients presenting with mixed cholestatic/ hepatocellular liver injury, occupational exposure to quizalofop-p-ethyl in the course of agricultural use should be investigated.