Molecular mechanisms of Cisplatin- induced placental toxicity and teratogenicity in rats and the ameliorating role of N-acetyl-cysteine.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2019 Aug 8:105579. Epub 2019 Aug 8. PMID: 31401317
Mohamed S Hassan
The aim of the present study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Cisplatin- induced placental toxicity and teratogenicity in rats and the ameliorating role of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Cisplatin was administrated intraperitoneally at 5 mg/kg.b.wt as a single dose on the 12day of gestation while NAC was administered orally throughout gestation either alone or in concomitant injection of Cisplatin at 200 mg/kg.b.wt. Cisplatin + NAC group showed reduction in the elevated morphological, visceral and skeletal abnormalities as well as the morphological and histopathological changes in placenta compared to Cisplatin - treated rats. Importantly, NAC attenuated Cisplatin-induced placental apoptosisthrough down-regulation of Fas and Caspase-3 genes expression. In conclusion, induction of placental apoptosis by overexpression of Fas and Caspase-3 genes gives a new insight into the mechanism of Cisplatin teratogenicity. The protective role of NAC, on the other hand, was characterized by attenuation of Fas and Caspase-3 genes- mediated apoptosis.