Molecular mechanisms of curcumin and its analogs in colon cancer prevention and treatment. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Molecular mechanisms of curcumin and its analogs in colon cancer prevention and treatment.
Life Sci. 2019 Dec 15 ;239:117032. Epub 2019 Nov 6. PMID: 31704450
Colorectal cancer remains to be the most prevalent malignancy in humans and 1.5 million men and women living in the United States are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, with a predicted 145,600 new cases to be diagnosed in 2019. Curcuminoids and its synthetic analogs are now of interest due to their bioactive attributes, especially their action as anticancer activity in various cancer cell line models. Several in vivo and in vitro studies have substantially proved their anticancer activities against colon cancer cell lines. Curcumin analogues like IND-4, FLLL, GO-Y030 and C086 have demonstrated to produce greater cytotoxicity when experimentally studied and study results from many have been suggested to be the same. Combination of curcumin with therapeutic cancer agents like tolfenamic acid, 5-fluorouracil, resveratrol and dasatinib showed improved cytotoxicity and chemotherapeutic effect. The results propose that employment of curcumin with novel drug delivery systems like liposome, micelles and nanoparticle have been performed which could improve the therapeutic efficacy against colon cancer. The present review highlights the mechanism of action, synergistic effect and novel delivery methods to improve the therapeutic potential of curcumin.