Mormodica charantia L. fruit and Genistein ameliorates type 2 diabetes in rats by preventing lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and enhancing beta cell function.
J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2020 Dec ;19(2):1303-1310. Epub 2020 Oct 3. PMID: 33553029
Purpose: The present study was aimed at evaluating the role offruit and Genistein on beta cell, insulin resistance/sensitivity and lipid profile in type 2 diabetic rats.
Methods: Thirty-five (35) albino rats were divided into seven (7) groups of 5 rats each comprising of five (5) non-diabetic and thirty (30) diabetic rats. Groups 1 and 2 served as the normal control and diabetic control groups respectively and received distill water, groups 3 and 4 receivedat 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg respectivelyGroups 5 and 6 received Genistein at 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg respectively while group 7 received Metformin at 500 mg/kg the experiment lasted for four weeks. All the rats were euthanized at the end of the fourth week.
Results: Lipid profile, glucose and insulin levels were determined from the analysis of serum parameters and the histology of the pancreas. A significant reduction ( < 0.05) in blood glucose levels was noticed in rats that received(MC) and genistein when compared with diabetic control rats. A significant decrease ( < 0.05) in cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels were also noted in rats that received MC and Genistein when compared with the diabetic control rats. MC and Genistein significantly increased ( < 0.05) serum insulin level compared to the diabetic control rats. MC and Genistein significantly decreased ( < 0.05) homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) level compared with the diabetic control group. Pancreas of rats that received MC and Genistein showed regenerating beta-cells.
Conclusion: fruit and Genistein were able to enhance beta cell function and prevent lipid accumulation and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats.