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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Wound healing of diabetic rats treated with Moringa oleifera extract.

Abstract Source:

Acta Cir Bras. 2018 Sep ;33(9):799-805. PMID: 30328912

Abstract Author(s):

Ítalo Medeiros Azevedo, Irami Araújo-Filho, Marianny Maiara Antas Teixeira, Marília Daniela Ferreira de Carvalho Moreira, Aldo Cunha Medeiros

Article Affiliation:

Ítalo Medeiros Azevedo

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To evaluate if Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous extract (ME) influences the healing of skin wounds of diabetic rats.

METHODS: Wistar rats were used (6 rats/group). Group 1 received normal saline (NS) v.o. Group 2 received moringa extract (100mg/kg v.o) for 3 weeks. Groups 3 and 4: Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetes. Group 3 received NS; Group 4 received aqueous ME (100mg/kg) v.o.The wounds of groups 1 and 3 rats were topically treated with NS; wounds of groups 2 and 4 treated with 200µL of 10% ME. After anesthesia, all rats had skin square excision wounds 1.5cm2. Wound percent contractions were measured. On 10th day, blood glucose and serum cytokines were measured. Histometry of wounds was studied using ImagePro6.0 software.

RESULTS: Glycemia was significantly reduced in ME treated rats. These rats had higher percent contraction of the wounds on 2nd, 5th and 10th days, then controls (p<0.05). Diabetic rats treated with NS had TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 expression higher than in rats receiving ME. The histopathological score of ME treated diabetic rats (198±13.7) was significantly higher than treatment with NS (145±10.5).

CONCLUSION: ME extract positively influenced healing of wounds in diabetic rats after systemic and topical treatment.

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