Moringa oleifera standardised aqueous leaf extract-loaded hydrocolloid film dressing: in vivo dermal safety and wound healing evaluation in STZ/HFD diabetic rat model.
Drug Deliv Transl Res. 2018 Mar 20. Epub 2018 Mar 20. PMID: 29560587
Previously, Moringa oleifera leaf (MOL) standardised aqueous extract-loaded films were successfully developed and they showed potential wound healing activity in vitro. The objective of this study was to evaluate in vivo dermal safety as well as wound healing efficacy of these MOL film dressings (containing 0.1, 0.5 and 1% MOL) on diabetic rat model. The acute dermal toxicity was carried out on healthy rats, and signs of toxicity over 14 days were observed. For wound healing studies, excision and abrasion wounds were created out on the STZ/HFD-induced diabetic rat model and the wound healing was studied over 21 days. The wound healing evaluation determined by histology staining, hydroxyproline assay and ELISA assays on wound healing related-growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. MOL film formulations exhibited no signs of dermal toxicities. In excision wound model, 0.5% film significantly enhanced the wound closure by 77.67 ± 7.28% at day 7 compared to control group. While in abrasion wounds, 0.5% MOL films accelerated wound closure significantly at 81 ± 4.5% as compared to the control. The histology findings and hydroxyproline assay revealed that high collagen deposition and complete re-epithelialisation were observed for the wounds treated with 0.5 and 1% MOL films. All MOL film dressings had successfully tested non-toxic via in vivo safety dermal toxicity. It was concluded that the 0.5% MOL extract-loaded film had proven to be the most promising approach to accelerate diabetic wound healing process in both full-thickness excision and partial thickness abrasion wounds on the HFD/STZ-induced diabetic type II model.