Reports to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System after hepatitis A and hepatitis AB vaccines in pregnant women.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jun ;210(6):561.e1-6. Epub 2013 Dec 27. PMID: 24378675
Pedro L Moro
OBJECTIVE: To characterize adverse events (AEs) after hepatitis A vaccines (Hep A) and hepatitis A and hepatitis B combination vaccine (Hep AB) in pregnant women reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a spontaneous reporting surveillance system.
STUDY DESIGN: We searched VAERS for AEs reports in pregnant women who received Hep A or Hep AB from Jan. 1, 1996-April 5, 2013. Clinicians reviewed all reports and available medical records.
RESULTS: VAERS received 139 reports of AEs in pregnant women; 7 (5.0%) were serious; no maternal or infant deaths were identified. Sixty-five (46.8%) did not describe any AEs. For those women whose gestational age was available, most were vaccinated during the first trimester, 50/60 (83.3%) for Hep A and 18/21 (85.7%) for Hep AB. The most common pregnancy-specific outcomes following Hep A or Hep AB vaccinations were spontaneous abortion in 15 (10.8%) reports, elective termination in 10 (7.2%), and preterm delivery in 7 (5.0%) reports. The most common nonpregnancy specific outcome was urinary tract infection and nausea/vomiting with 3 (2.2%) reports each. One case of amelia of the lower extremities was reported in an infant following maternal Hep A immunization.
CONCLUSION: This review of VAERS reports did not identify any concerning pattern of AEs in pregnant women or their infants following maternal Hep A or Hep AB immunizations during pregnancy.