Prognostic significance ofF-sodium fluoride in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients.
Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2020 ;10(4):151-160. Epub 2020 Aug 25. PMID: 32929393
Mahdi Zirakchian Zadeh
Focal bone lesions and fractures due to weakened bone are associated with higher morbidity and mortality of multiple myeloma (MM) patients.F-sodium fluoride (F-NaF) is a sensitive PET radiotracer for detection of abnormal bone metabolism and, therefore, is particularly suited to assess the degree of bone involvement in MM patients. We aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of metabolic active volume (MAV) ofF-NaF-avid lesions in MM patients. In addition to MAV, conventional methods of PET quantification, namely SUVmean and SUVmax, were measured in each patient for the purpose of comparison. Thirty-seven newly diagnosed MM patients were included. PET imaging was performed after intravenous administration of 200 MBq NaF. Active bone lesions and fractures on whole-bodyF-NaF-PET/CT scans were identified. An adaptive thresholding algorithm automatically calculated the total MAV, SUVmean and SUVmax for each patient (ROVER, ABX, Radeberg, Germany). The patients were followed for a median of 39.8 months after treatment (range: 17.8-55.4). The overall survival (OS) of patients withF-NaF-MAV value>38.65 (36.36% [N of Events/Total N: 4/11]) was significantly shorter than that of patients withF-NaF-MAV value<38.65 (3.85% [1/26];= 0.002). In multivariate forward stepwise (conditional LR) Cox regression analysis of prognostic factors of OS (includingF-NaF-MAV (>38.65 or<38.65), age, gender, beta-2 microglobulin, and revised international staging system),F-NaF-MAV remained the only significant factor (HR: 14.39,= 0.02). The results for PFS were not significant. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analyses of conventional methods of PET quantification did not reveal any statistically significant log-rank-values. MM patients with highF-NaF-MAV had shorter overall survival, compared to those with lowF-NaF-MAV levels (NCT02187731).