Multiple roles of black raspberry anthocyanins protecting against alcoholic liver disease. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Multiple Roles of Black Raspberry Anthocyanins Protecting against Alcoholic Liver Disease.
Molecules. 2021 Apr 16 ;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 16. PMID: 33923467
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of black raspberry anthocyanins (BRAs) against acute and subacute alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Network analysis and docking study were carried out to understand the potential mechanism. Thereafter, the serum biochemical parameters and liver indexes were measured, the histopathological changes of the liver were analyzed in vivo. The results showed that all tested parameters were ameliorated after the administration of BRAs with alcohol. Meanwhile, there was increased protein expression of NF-κB and TGF-β in extracted livers, which was associated with hepatitis and hepatic fibrosis. Furthermore, BRAs and cyanidin---rutinoside exhibited cytotoxic effects on t-HSC/Cl-6, HepG2, and Hep3B and induced the apoptosis of HepG2 cells; downregulated the protein expression level of Bcl-2; upregulated the level of Bax; and promoted the release of cytochrome C, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved PARP in HepG2 cells. In addition, the antioxidant activity of BRAs was tested, and the chemical components were analyzed by FT-ICR MS. The results proved that BRAs exert preventive effect on ALD through the antioxidant and apoptosis pathways.