Myocardium-protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) in old rats against acute isobaric hypoxia. An electron microscopic morphometric study. I. Protection of cardiomyocytes.
Exp Toxicol Pathol. 1996 Jan ;48(1):33-9. PMID: 8919269
Institute of Anatomy, University Leipzig, Germany.
Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 was used in hypoxia experiments with old rats to investigate its ultrastructure-preserving effects on the myocardium. Hypoxia was performed by means of a hypoxia chamber combined with a commercial narcosis apparatus. N2O/O2-mixture was applied with O2 at 5 vol.% for 20 minutes under normobaric conditions. Ultrastructural-morphometric analysis revealed that EGb 761-pretreatment was able to diminish hypoxic damage at mitochondrial cristae and matrix and also distension of the sarcoplasmic reticulum during acute hypoxic stress. Whereas formation of vacuoles was depressed below the level of controls, the accumulation of lipid drops was not prevented. The preservation of mitochondrial cristae was confirmed by independent secondary morphometric parameters and by cytophotometrically measured activities of mitochondrial enzymes.