Myricetin ameliorates insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Myricetin, a naturally occurring flavonol, ameliorates insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet in rats.
Life Sci. 2007 Nov 10 ;81(21-22):1479-88. Epub 2007 Oct 2. PMID: 17976658
The present study was conducted to explore the effects of myricetin on insulin resistance in rats fed for 6 weeks with a diet containing 60% fructose. Repeated intravenous (i.v.) injection of myricetin (1 mg/kg per injection, 3 times daily) for 14 days was found to significantly decrease the high glucose and triglyceride levels in plasma of fructose chow-fed rats. Also, the higher degree of insulin resistance in fructose chow-fed rats as measured by homeostasis model assessment of basal insulin resistance was significantly decreased by myricetin treatment. Myricetin increased the whole-body insulin sensitivity in fructose chow-fed rats, as evidenced by the marked elevation of composite whole-body insulin sensitivity index during the oral glucose tolerance test. Myricetin was found to reverse the defect in expression of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) in soleus muscle of fructose chow-fed rats under the basal state, despite the protein expression of insulin receptor (IR). Increased basal phosphorylation of IR and IRS-1 as well as Akt was observed in parallel. The reduced level of insulin action on phosphorylation of IR, IRS-1 and Akt in soleus muscle of fructose chow-fed rats was reversed by myricetin treatment. Furthermore, myricetin treatment improved the defective insulin action on the translocation of glucose transporter subtype 4 (GLUT 4) in insulin-resistant soleus muscle. These findings indicate that myricetin improves insulin sensitivity through the enhancement of insulin action on IRS-1-associated PI 3-kinase and GLUT 4 activity in soleus muscles of animals exhibiting insulin resistance.