Nanoparticle-mediated delivery of Tanshinone IIA reduces adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarctions in a mice model: role of NF-κB pathway.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2018 ;46(sup3):S707-S716. Epub 2018 Oct 4. PMID: 30284484
Our previous works have shown that tanshinone IIA inhibited maladaptive extracellular matrix remodeling in cardiac fibroblasts implicating its potential role in treating of pathologic cardiac remodeling. However, the intrinsically poor solubility and bioavailability of tanshinone IIA hindered its clinical application. Here we develop monomethoxy-poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (lactic acid)-D-α-Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (mPEG-PLA-TPGS) nanoparticle incorporating tanshinone IIA (tanshinone IIA-NPs) and study its efficacy in post-infarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Male C57BL/6 mice underwent left coronary artery ligation followed by subsequent intravenously injected tanshinone IIA-NPs therapy for 5 consecutive days. Treatment with tanshinone IIA-NP improved cardiac function, limited infarct expansion, and prevented left ventricle dilation at 4 weeks post-MI. Furthermore, cardiomyocytes inflammation, apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis were significantlyattenuated in tanshinone IIA-NP treated mice. These effects also correlated with inhibition of IκB protein phosphorylation and NF-κB activation, leading to suppression of proinflammatory cytokine expression. Together, these results demonstrate tanshinone IIA-NP attenuated adverse cardiac remodeling and dysfunction mediated through prevention of IκB phosphorylation and NF-κB activation. Tanshinone IIA-NP is a novel approach to treat myocardial IR injury in patients with MI.