Naringenin has an inhibitory effect on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammatory reactions. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Inhibitory effect of naringenin via IL-13 level regulation on thymic stromal lymphopoietin-induced inflammatory reactions.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29. PMID: 29193236
Naringenin (NG) has various beneficial properties, such as anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) induces mast cell proliferation and inflammatory reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect of NG on TSLP-induced mast cell proliferation and inflammatory reactions using human mast cell line (HMC-1) cells. HMC-1 cells were pre-treated with NG and then treated with TSLP. HMC-1 cells proliferation was determined by quantifying bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Levels of anti-apoptotic and pro-apoptotic factors were analyzed by western blot analysis. The productions and mRNA expressions of interleukin (IL)-13 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were analyzed by ELISA and quantitative real-time PCR. We found that NG significantly attenuated HMC-1 cells proliferation and Ki-67 mRNA expression promoted by TSLP. NG significantly suppressed mRNA expression of TSLP receptor and IL-7 receptor α in TSLP-treated HMC-1 cells. NG significantly down-regulated levels of phosphorylated-signal transducer and activation of transcription 6 and murine double-minute 2 in TSLP-treated HMC-1 cells, up-regulated levels of cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase and p53 in TSLP-treated HMC-1 cells. Furthermore, NG significantly decreased the productions and mRNA expressions of IL-13 and TNF-α in TSLP-treated HMC-1 cells. These results suggest NG has an inhibitory effect on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammatory reactions.