Abstract Title:

Modulation of anticancer drug-induced P-glycoprotein expression by naringin.

Abstract Source:

Z Naturforsch C. 2009 Jan-Feb;64(1-2):109-16. PMID: 19323275

Abstract Author(s):

Mamdouh M Ali, Fatma G Agha, Nermin M El-Sammad, Sherien K Hassan


Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a phenomenon that is often associated with decreased intracellular drug accumulation in the tumour cells of a patient, resulting from enhanced drug efflux. It is often related to the overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) on the surface of tumour cells, thereby reducing drug cytotoxicity. In the present study, naringin (the predominant flavonone found in grapefruit and other related citrus species) was tested for its potential ability to modulate the expression of P-gp in a short-term animal bioassay, in comparison with verapamil (a calcium channel blocker and positive MDR reversal agent). Western blot analysis showed that pre-treatment by i.p. administration of 5 mg naringin/kg body weight for 3 consecutive days prior to doxorubicin (the most common used anticancer drug which induces MDR) administration was able to significantly lower the P-gp expression reaching nearly the level of animals treated with verapamil. Moreover, pre-treatment with naringin prior to doxorubicin increased the sensitivity to the drug. Naringin inhibited the doxorubicin-stimulated ATPase activity demonstrating that naringin may interact directly with the transporter. In addition, the results demonstrated that induction of both glutathione (GSH) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) by doxorubicin is consistent with an increased ATP-dependent doxorubicin transport. Thus, naringin seems to modulate the in vivo expression of P-gp. In summary, the present study describes the dual modulation of P-gp expression and function by the flavonoid naringin, which may be an attractive new agent for the chemosensitization of cancer cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.