Naringenin prevents doxorubicin-induced toxicity in kidney tissues. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Naringenin prevents doxorubicin-induced toxicity in kidney tissues by regulating the oxidative and inflammatory insult in Wistar rats.
Arch Physiol Biochem. 2018 Nov 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 8. PMID: 30406686
Tajdar Husain Khan
This study is undertaken to investigate the effects of naringenin on doxorubicin- (Dox) induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats. Dox 10 mg/kg body weight was administered intraperitoneally once and naringenin 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight was administered orally daily for 21 d. Dox-induced oxidative stress lead to steep elevation in blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and kidney injury molecule-1(KIM-1), compared to control, treatment with naringenin preserved kidney functions. With Dox treatment significant decrease in antioxidant enzymes with increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) compared to control was observed. Naringenin treatment reversed these values compared to Dox in kidney tissue. Dox treatment showed increased tissue nitric oxide levels naringenin treatment decreased nitric oxide (NO) in kidney tissue. Furthermore, Dox-induced inflammatory burst as indicated by up-regulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) tissue levels and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE-2). All such events were normalised back to normal by naringenin treatment.