Naringenin prevents pregnancy-induced hypertension via suppression of JAK/STAT3 signalling pathway in mice.
Int J Clin Pract. 2021 Jun 12:e14509. Epub 2021 Jun 12. PMID: 34117816
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy, which causes perinatal and maternal mortality. Inflammation, oxidative stress and the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway have been reported to play critical roles in the pathogenies of PIH. Due to the safety and side effects of current treatments for PIH, searching for new therapeutic agents is urgently needed. Naringenin is a flavonoid with anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation activities. In the current study, the effects of naringenin on PIH were investigated.
METHODS: We established the PIH mouse model and administrated naringenin to these mice. The blood pressure, total urine protein, plasma levels of vasodilation converting enzyme (VCE),α-1A adrenergic receptor (α-ADR) and angiotensin, inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress markers were measured. The protein levels of reactive oxygen species proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), phospho-STAT3, Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 1 (SHP-1), Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and phospho-JAK2, in vascular endothelium cells were detected by western blot.
RESULTS: Administration of naringenin significantly decreased blood pressure, total urine protein level, plasma levels of VCE,α-ADR and angiotensin in PIH mice. Naringenin decreased serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), while increased IL-10. Naringenin decreased serum levels of ROS, endothelin while increased SOD and nitric oxide levels. Western blot analysis showed that naringenin inhibited ROS expression, while increased SOD expression in vascular endothelial cells of mice. In addition, western blot also showed that naringenin inhibited JAK2/STAT3 signalling by suppressing SHP-1 expression in vascular endothelial cells of mice.
CONCLUSION: Naringenin suppressed the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway and promoted SHP-1 expression, leading to ameliorated hypertension in pregnancy.