Naringin ameliorates endothelial dysfunction in fructose-fed rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Naringin ameliorates endothelial dysfunction in fructose-fed rats.
Exp Ther Med. 2018 Mar ;15(3):3140-3146. Epub 2018 Jan 17. PMID: 29456717
High fructose consumption is associated with metabolic disorders including hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, in addition to endothelial dysfunction. Naringin, a flavonoid present in citrus fruit, has been reported to exhibit lipid lowering, antioxidant, and cardiovascular protective properties. Therefore, the present study investigated the effect of naringin on fructose-induced endothelial dysfunction in rats and its underlying mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given 10% fructose in drinking water for 12 weeks, whereas control rats were fed drinking water alone. Naringin (100 mg/kg) was orally administered to fructose fed rats during the last 4 weeks of the study. Following 12 weeks, blood samples were collected for measurement of blood glucose, serum lipid profile and total nitrate/nitrite (NOx). Vascular function was assessed by isometric tension recording. Aortic expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), phosphorylated eNOS (p-eNOS), and nitrotyrosine were evaluated by western blot analysis. Fructose feeding induced increased levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low density lipoprotein. In rat aortae, fructose reduced acethycholine-induced vasorelaxation, without affecting sodium nitroprusside-induced vasorelaxation. Treatment of fructose-fed rats with naringin restored fructose-induced metabolic alterations and endothelial dysfunction. Fructose-fed rats also exhibited decreased serum NOx level, reduced eNOS and p-eNOS protein expression, and enhanced nitrotyrosine expression in aortae. These alterations were improved by naringin treatment. The results of the present study suggested that naringin treatment preserves endothelium-dependent relaxation in aortae from fructose fed rats. This effect is primarily mediated through an enhanced NO bioavailability via increased eNOS activity and decreased NO inactivated to peroxynitrite in aortae.