Antiangiogenic activity of nasunin, an antioxidant anthocyanin, in eggplant peels.
J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Aug 10;53(16):6272-5. PMID: 16076105
Department of Nutritional Science, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Okayama Prefectural University, 111 Kuboki, Soja, Okayama 719-1197, Japan. email@example.com
Nasunin, delphinidin-3-(p-coumaroylrutinoside)-5-glucoside, an antioxidant anthocyanin isolated from eggplant peels, was demonstrated as an angiogenesis inhibitor. Nasunin at higher 10 microM suppressed microvessel outgrowth in an ex vivo angiogenesis assay using a rat aortic ring. The effect of nasunin was examined in various in vitro angiogenesis models using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Nasunin suppressed HUVEC proliferation in a dose-dependent manner (50-200 microM); however, it had no significant effect on HUVEC chemotaxis in a Boyden chamber assay and HUVEC tube formation on a reconstituted basement membrane. These results imply that nasunin with both antioxidant and antiangiogenic activities might be useful to prevent angiogenesis-related diseases.