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Abstract Title:

Comparative Evaluation of Neem Mouthwash on Plaque and Gingivitis: A Double-blind Crossover Study.

Abstract Source:

J Contemp Dent Pract. 2017 Jul 1 ;18(7):567-571. Epub 2017 Jul 1. PMID: 28713109

Abstract Author(s):

Md Jalaluddin, U B Rajasekaran, Sam Paul, R S Dhanya, C B Sudeep, V J Adarsh

Article Affiliation:

Md Jalaluddin

Abstract:

AIM: The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of neem-containing mouthwash on plaque and gingivitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, crossover clinical trial included 40 participants aged 18 to 35 years with washout period of 1 week between the crossover phases. A total of 20 participants, each randomly allocated into groups I and II, wherein in the first phase, group I was provided with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate and group II with 2% neem mouthwash. After the scores were recorded, 1-week time period was given to the participants to carry over the effects of the mouthwashes and then the second phase of the test was performed. The participants were instructed to use the other mouthwash through the second test phase.

RESULTS: There was a slight reduction of plaque level in the first phase as well as in the second phase. When comparison was made between the groups, no statistically significant difference was seen. Both the groups showed reduction in the gingival index (GI) scores in the first phase, and there was a statistically significant difference in both groups at baseline and after intervention (0.005 and 0.01 respectively). In the second phase, GI scores were reduced in both groups, but there was a statistically significant difference between the groups only at baseline scores (0.01).

CONCLUSION: In the present study, it has been concluded that neem mouthwash can be used as an alternative to chlorhexidine mouthwash based on the reduced scores in both the groups.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Using neem mouthwash in maintaining oral hygiene might have a better impact in prevention as well as pervasiveness of oral diseases as it is cost-effective and easily available.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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