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Abstract Title:

Neferine inhibits epidermal growth factor-induced proliferation and migration of retinal pigment epithelial cells through downregulating p38 MAPK and PI3K/AKT signalling.

Abstract Source:

Cutan Ocul Toxicol. 2020 Jun ;39(2):97-105. Epub 2020 Mar 9. PMID: 32064963

Abstract Author(s):

Sadik Altan Ozal, Vuslat Gurlu, Kader Turkekul, Hande Guclu, Suat Erdogan

Article Affiliation:

Sadik Altan Ozal

Abstract:

Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) occurs in approximately 5-10% of patients after retinal detachment surgery. Neferine is a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid found in the green seed embryos () of the lotus flower and has various properties, such as being antithrombotic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, anticancerous, and anti-inflammatory. Although the effects of neferine on the proliferation and migration of cancer cells have been partially shown, their possible role and the mechanism of action on PVR remain unclear.To mimic a PVR model, retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells were exposed to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and treated with various concentrations of neferine. Cell viability was determined by MTT test. Cell-cycle phase distribution and cell migration were examined by image-based cytometry and wound healing test, respectively. Messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression were determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively.Stimulation of the cells with EGF significantly increased the rate of proliferation, whilst treatment with low concentrations of neferine-reduced proliferation to a level equal to that seen in untreated cells. Neferine significantly downregulated EGF-increased cell viability, and survivin mRNA expression was depressed to the basal level. In addition, neferine treatment contributed to cell proliferation loss by upregulating p21 and p27 expression leading to cycle arrest at the G1 phase. The treatment significantly inhibited cell migration by upregulating the expression of epithelial markers, such as E-cadherin and occludin, and decreased MMP2, MMP9,α-SMA, and vimentin. Neferine treatment markedly reduced phosphotidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K), AKT, p-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) protein expression.It can be considered that neferine may be a potential candidate molecule in the treatment of PVR by inhibiting cell proliferation and the migration of EGF-induced RPE cells through the modulation of various transcriptional activities.

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