Neonatal exposure to bisphenol A alters the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in female rats.
Toxicol Lett. 2018 Jan 2 ;285:81-86. Epub 2018 Jan 2. PMID: 29305326
Marina O Fernandez
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins and polystyrene found in many common products. Several reports revealed potent in vivo and in vitro effects. In this study we analyzed the effects of the exposure to BPA in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in female rats, both in vivo and in vitro. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected sc from postnatal day 1 (PND1) to PND10 with BPA: 500 μg 50 μl-1 oil (B500), or 50 μg 50 μl-1 (B50), or 5 μg 50 μl-1 (B5). Controls were injected with 50 μl vehicle during the same period. Neonatal exposure to BPA did not modify TSH levels in PND13 females, but it increased them in adults in estrus. Serum T4 was lower in B5 and B500 with regards to Control, whereas no difference was seen in T3. No significant differences were observed in TRH, TSHβ and TRH receptor expression between groups. TSH release from PPC obtained from adults in estrus was also higher in B50 with regard to Control. In vitro 24 h pre-treatment with BPA or E2 increased basal TSH as well as prolactin release. On the other hand, both BPA and E2 lowered the response to TRH. The results presented here show that the neonatal exposure to BPA alters the hypothalamic pituitary-thyroid axis in adult rats in estrus, possibly with effects on the pituitaryand thyroid. They also show that BPA alters TSH release from rat PPC through direct actions on the pituitary.