Neuroprotective effect of berberine against learning and memory deficits in diffuse axonal injury.
Exp Ther Med. 2018 Jan ;15(1):1129-1135. Epub 2017 Nov 13. PMID: 29399112
The aim of the present study was to assess the neuroprotective effect of berberine against learning and memory deficits in diffuse axonal injury (DAI). DAI rats were orally gavaged with berberine at a dose of 200 mg/kg of body weight for 4 weeks. Behavioral tests were used to analyze the neuroprotective effect of berberine against DAI-induced learning and memory deficits. In the present study, treatment with berberine significantly protected against DAI-induced inhibition of learning and memory in rats. Notably, berberine significantly suppressed the levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1β and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, as well as reduced the protein expression levels of nuclear factor-κB, Bcl-2-associated X protein and cytochrome c in DAI rats. In addition, berberine significantly suppressed the protein expression of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, activating transcription factor 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor in DAI rats. These results suggested that berberine exhibited a neuroprotective effect against learning and memory deficits in severe DAI through the suppression of inflammation, angiogenesis and apoptosis in a rat model.