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Abstract Title:

[Neuroprotective effect of ginsenoside Rb-1 on a rat model of Alzheimer's disease].

Abstract Source:

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2020 Aug 18 ;100(31):2462-2466. PMID: 32819064

Abstract Author(s):

L J Wang, J C He, L F Wang, Y W Gu, H G Fan, H J Tian

Article Affiliation:

L J Wang

Abstract:

To investigate the protective mechanism of ginsenoside Rb-1 on the brain in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease.Fifty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, low-dose Rb-1 group (Rb-1: 25 mg•kg(-1)•d(-1)) and high-dose Rb-1 group (Rb-1:50 mg•kg(-1)•d(-1)). Morris water maze was designed to observe the changes of learning and memory ability in rats. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were employed to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53, Bax, cytochrome C (Cyto C), Caspase-3 and caspase-9) and anti-oxidative stress-associated genes (nuclear Factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (keap-1), heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) and NADPH quinone dehydrogenase 1(NQO1)).The activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by relevant kits. ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer test were used for statistical analysis.The learning and memory ability of rats in the model group was lower than that of the control group (<0.01).The learning and memory ability of rats in the high-dose Rb-1 treatment group was significantly higher than that of the model group [(80±8) s vs (100±11) s,=5.390,<0.01]. The expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53, Bax, Cyto C, caspase-3 and caspase-9) in the model group were significantly higher than those in the control group (<0.01), while the expression levels of these genes in low-dose and high-dose Rb-1 groups were significantly lower than those of the model group (<0.01). The expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1 genes in the model group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<0.05), while the expression of these genes in low-dose and high-dose Rb-1 groupswere significantly higher than those of the model group (<0.01). The activities of CAT, GSH-Px and SOD in the model group were lower than those in the control group (<0.01), however the activities of CAT, GSH-Px and SOD in low-dose and high-dose Rb-1 groups were higher than those of model group (<0.05).Both low-dose and high-dose Rb-1 have protective effect on memory and cognitive function of Alzheimer's disease rats by reducing the damage and apoptosis of hippocampal neurons, down-regulating the expression levels of p53, Bax, Cyto C, caspase-3 and caspase-9, up-regulating the expression of Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1 genes, and increasing the activities of CAT, GSH-Px and SOD. Moreover, the protective effect of Rb-1 on rat brain may be dose-dependent.

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