Neuroprotective effect of grape seed extract on brain ischemia. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Neuroprotective effect of grape seed extract on brain ischemia: a proteomic approach.
Metab Brain Dis. 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22. PMID: 30796716
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-lasting disability in human and oxidative stress an important underlying cause. Molecular insights into pathophysiology of ischemic stroke are still obscure, and the present study investigated the protective effect of high dosage Grape Seed Extract (GSE 2.5 g/kg) on brain ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury using a proteomic approach. Ischemia was realized by occlusion of the common carotid arteries for 30 min followed by 1 h reperfusion on control or GSE pre-treated rats, and a label-free quantification followed by mass spectrometry analysis used toevaluate I/R induced alterations in protein abundance and metabolic pathways as well as the protection afforded by GSE. I/R-induced whole brain ionogram dyshomeostasis, ultrastructural alterations, as well as inflammation into hippocampal dentate gyrus area, which were evaluated using ICP-OES, transmission electron microscopy and immuno-histochemistry respectively. I/R altered the whole brain proteome abundance among which 108 proteins were significantly modified (35 up and 73 down-regulated proteins). Eighty-four proteins were protected upon GSE treatment among which 27 were up and 57 down-regulated proteins, suggesting a potent protective effect of GSE close to 78%of the disturbed proteome. Furthermore, GSE efficiently prevented the brain from I/R-induced ion dyshomeostasis, ultrastructural alterations, inflammatory biomarkers as CD56 or CD68 and calcium burst within the hippocampus.To conclude, a potent protective effect of GSE on brain ischemia is evidenced and clinical trials using high dosage GSE should be envisaged on people at high risk for stroke.