Neuroprotective role of hyperforin on aluminum maltolate-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells.
Chem Biol Interact. 2018 Nov 24 ;299:15-26. Epub 2018 Nov 24. PMID: 30481499
Many reports demonstrated that aluminum maltolate (Almal) has potential toxicity to human and animal. Our study has demonstrated that Almal can induce oxidative damage and apoptosis in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y Cells, two in vitro models of neuronal cells. Hyperforin (HF) is a well-known antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-amyloid and anti-depressant compound extracted from Hypericum perforatum extract. Here, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of HF against Almal-induced neurotoxicity in cultured PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells, mainly caused by oxidative stress. In the present study, HF significantly inhibited the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), decreased the level of lipid peroxide and enhanced the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) compared with Almal group in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells. Additionally, HF suppressed the reduction of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cytochrome c (Cyt-c) release, activation of caspase-3, and the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression and up-regulation of Bax expression induced by Almal in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells. In summary, HF protects PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells from damage induced by Almal through reducing oxidative stress and preventing of mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis.