A new bisepoxylignan dendranlignan A isolated from Chrysanthemum Flower inhibits the production of inflammatory mediators via the TLR4 pathway in LPS-induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes.
Arch Biochem Biophys. 2020 Jul 14 ;690:108506. Epub 2020 Jul 14. PMID: 32679197
A new bisepoxylignan dendranlignan A (A1) and the known compound lantibeside D (D2) was isolated from Chrysanthemum Flower, the dried capitulum of Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) kitam. Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D-NMR, 2D-NMR and MS data. Additionally, A1 and D2 were evaluated for their effects on the production of inflammatory mediators in H9c2 cardiomyocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Results demonstrated that A1 and D2 decreased LPS-induced production of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-2 and IFN-γ in H9c2 cells. Both compounds also decreased the nuclear localization of c-JUN, p-P65 and p-IRF3, but did not affect the level of TLR4. Molecular docking indicated that A1 and D2 occupied the ligand binding sites of TLR4-MD2. In the present study, we for the first time discovereda new bisepoxylignan compound A1, and found that this compound has a potential to inhibit inflammation by inhibiting TLR4 signaling.