n/a

Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

NF-κB/Twist axis is involved in chysin inhibition of ovarian cancer stem cell features induced by co-treatment of TNF-α and TGF-β.

Abstract Source:

Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2019 ;12(1):101-112. Epub 2019 Jan 1. PMID: 31933724

Abstract Author(s):

Huazhen Li, A Chen, Qiaoqi Yuan, Weifeng Chen, Huimin Zhong, Mo Teng, Chang Xu, Yebei Qiu, Jianguo Cao

Article Affiliation:

Huazhen Li

Abstract:

Chrysin (ChR) inhibits various cancer cells and possesses anti-inflammatory activities. NF-kB has been shown to regulate the expression of genes involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) by upregulation of TWIST1. This study aimed to assess whether ChR can inhibit EMT phenotype and cancer stem-like cell (CSLC) features in ovarian cancer cells co-treated with TNF-α and TGF-β. Here, OVCAR-3 cells were co-treated with TNF-α and TGF-β in the presence or absence of ChR. Then, the expression levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, CD133, CD44, NF-κBp65, and TWIST1 were analyzed by western blotting. Wound healing and tumor sphere formation assays were performed toassess the migration and sphere-forming capabilities of cells, respectively. Overexpression and/or knockdown of NF-κBp65 and/or TWIST1 were used to explore the molecular mechanisms. We showed that ChR inhibited EMT and CSLC properties in ovarian cancer cells administered TNF-α after prolonged TGF-β treatment, in a dose-dependent manner. Also, knockdown of NF-κBp65 and ChR cooperatively enhanced the inhibition of NF-κBp65 and TWIST1 expression, EMT phenotype, and CSLC properties. Conversely, overexpression of NF-κBp65 antagonized the above-mentioned activities of ChR. Furthermore, TWIST1silencing or overexpression did not affect the ChR treatment effect on NF-κBp65 levels, but it reduced or enhanced EMT and CSLC properties. In conclusion, ChR can inhibit a proinflammatory cytokine to induce EMT and CSLC characteristics in OVCAR-3 cells, which may be involved in blocking the NF-κB/Twist axis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.