Nicotine enhances alcoholic fatty liver in mice: Role of CYP2A5. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Nicotine enhances alcoholic fatty liver in mice: Role of CYP2A5.
Arch Biochem Biophys. 2018 11 1 ;657:65-73. Epub 2018 Sep 15. PMID: 30222954
Tobacco and alcohol are often co-abused. Nicotine can enhance alcoholic fatty liver, and CYP2A6 (CYP2A5 in mice), a major metabolism enzyme for nicotine, can be induced by alcohol. CYP2A5 knockout (cyp2a5) mice and their littermates (cyp2a5) were used to test whether CYP2A5 has an effect on nicotine-enhanced alcoholic fatty liver. The results showed that alcoholic fatty liver was enhanced by nicotine in cyp2a5mice but not in the cyp2a5mice. Combination of ethanol and nicotine increased serum triglyceride in cyp2a5mice but not in the cyp2a5mice. Cotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine, also enhanced alcoholic fatty liver, which was also observed in cyp2a5mice but not in the cyp2a5mice. Nitrotyrosine and malondialdehyde (MDA), markers of oxidative/nitrosative stress, were induced by alcohol and were further increased by nicotine and cotinine in cyp2a5mice but not in the cyp2a5mice. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during microsomal metabolism of nicotine and cotinine was increased in microsomes from cyp2a5mice but not in microsomes from cyp2a5mice. These results suggest that nicotine enhances alcoholic fatty liver in a CYP2A5-dependent manner, which is related to ROS produced during the process of CYP2A5-dependent nicotine metabolism.