Abstract Title:

Effects of Nigella sativa and its major constituent, thymoquinone on sciatic nerves in experimental diabetic neuropathy.

Abstract Source:

Neurochem Res. 2008 Jan ;33(1):87-96. Epub 2007 Aug 23. PMID: 17713854

Abstract Author(s):

Mehmet Kanter

Article Affiliation:

Mehmet Kanter


The aim of this study was designed to investigate the possible beneficial effects of Nigella sativa (NS) and thymoquinone (TQ) on histopathological changes of sciatic nerves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The rats were randomly allotted into one of four experimental groups: A (control), B (diabetic untreated), C (diabetic treated with NS) and D (diabetic treated with TQ); each group contain ten animals. B, C and D groups received streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes. The rats in NS and TQ treated groups were given NS (in a dose of 400 mg/kg body weight) and TQ (50 mg/kg body weight) once a day orally by using intra-gastric intubation for 12 weeks starting 2 days after STZ injection, respectively. Blood and tissue samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigation. The treatment of both NS and TQ caused a sharp decrease in the elevated serum glucose (P<0.01, 0.05, respectively), and an increase in the lowered serum insulin concentrations (P<0.01, 0.05, respectively), in STZ-induced diabetic rats. STZ induced a significant decrease in the area of insulin immunoreactive beta-cells (P<0.0001). NS (P<0.001) and TQ (P<0.01) treatment resulted in increased area of insulin immunoreactive beta-cells significantly. To date, no histopathological changes of sciatic nerves in STZ induced diabetic rats by NS and TQ treatment have been reported. In this study, histologic evaluation of the tissues in diabetic animals treated with TQ and especially NS showed fewer morphologic alterations. Myelin breakdown decreased significantly after treatment with NS and TQ. The ultrastructural features of axons also showed remarkable improvement. We believe that further preclinical research into the utility of NS and TQ may indicate its usefulness as a potential treatment on peripheral neuropathy (PN) in STZ induced diabetic rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.