The effect of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2003 Mar;15(3):313-5. PMID: 12610327
BACKGROUND: The effect of probiotics in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon has not been followed. DESIGN: Treatment (T1) with an intestinal antimicrobial (dichlorchinolinol) and absorbent (active coal tablets) was compared with the same set-up supplemented with non-pathogenic Escherichia coli(T2) in a prospective open trial. SETTING: The study was performed at the outpatient department of a tertiary centre. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen subjects (5 males, 10 females) aged 68-91 years (average 74.8 years) presented with abdominal pain, irregular defecation, bloating and excessive flatulence. Diagnosis was established with colonoscopy, double-contrast barium enema, or both. INTERVENTIONS: The T1 regimen was administered for 1 week. In the T2 regimen, the application of E. coli strain Nissle (Mutaflor capsules, 2.5 x 10(10) viable bacteria/capsule) followed immediately after T1 for an average of 5.2 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The lengths of two successive remissions with the T1 set-up were compared with the length of remission after T2. The intensity of symptoms before and after administration of the probiotic was also evaluated. RESULTS The lengths of two successive remissions after T1 amounted to 2.66 and 2.20 months (average 2.43 months). The average length of remission after T2 was 14.1 months (P<0.001). All symptoms after T2 decreased significantly (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Non-pathogenic strain Nissle significantly prolonged the remission period and improved the abdominal syndrome in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease. A randomized, placebo-controlled study is recommended.