Abstract Title:

Studies of Antiviral Activity and Cytotoxicity of Wrightia tinctoria and Morinda citrifolia.

Abstract Source:

Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Nov;71(6):670-2. PMID: 20376221

Abstract Author(s):

P Selvam, N Murugesh, M Witvrouw, E Keyaerts, J Neyts

Article Affiliation:

Arulmigu Kalasalingam College of Pharmacy, Anand Nagar, Krishnankoil, 626 190, India.


Different extracts of leaf parts of Wrightia tinctoria and fruit powder of Morinda citrifolia have been studied against replication of HIV-1(IIIB) in MT-4 cells and HCV in Huh 5.2 cells. Chloroform extract of Wrightia tinctoria exhibited a maximum protection of 48% against the cytopathic effect of HIV-1(IIIB) in MT-4 cells. Fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia exhibited a displayed marked cytotoxic activity in lymphocyte (MT-4) cells (CC50: 0.19 mg/ml). The 50% effective concentration for inhibition of HCV subgenomic replicon replication in Huh 5-2 cells by Morinda citrifolia was 0.98 mug/ml and by chloroform extract of Wrightia tinctoria was 10 mug/ml. The concentration that reduced the growth of exponentially proliferating Huh 5-2 cells by 50% was greater than 50 mug/ml.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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