Acute effects of oats and vitamin E on endothelial responses to ingested fat.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Feb;284(2):728-35. PMID: 11165454
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of oats and vitamin E on endothelial function following a high-fat meal in healthy adults as measured by brachial artery reactivity studies (BARS). METHODS: A total of 25 men and 25 women (N=50) were recruited from a community population to participate in this randomized, crossover study. All subjects were free of known vascular disease, and female subjects were postmenopausal. Subjects underwent BARS before and after a high-fat meal (50 gm fat) on three occasions 1 week apart, one each with vitamin E 800 IU, oatmeal containing 3 gm beta-glucan, or a comparable bowl of wheat cereal serving as a placebo, in random sequence. The ultrasonographer was blinded to treatment status. RESULTS: Endothelial function, as measured by brachial artery peak flow during one minute of post-occlusive hyperemia, declined significantly from baseline when the high-fat meal was consumed with the wheat cereal (-13.4%; p=0.02). There was no difference in brachial artery flow change before and after a high-fat meal with oats (+0.37%; p=0.77) or a high-fat meal with vitamin E (+1.87%; p=0.42). No significant differences in flow-mediated vasodilation before and after the high-fat meal were detected among the three supplements. CONCLUSIONS: Endothelial dysfunction induced by acute fat ingestion in healthy adults is apparently prevented by concomitant ingestion of oats or vitamin E, but not wheat. Nutrient distribution and meal composition may have important implications for cardiovascular health.