Oleic acid alleviates cadmium-induced oxidative damage. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Oleic Acid Alleviates Cadmium-Induced Oxidative Damage in Rat by Its Radicals Scavenging Activity.
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29. PMID: 30267311
Toxic heavy metal cadmium wildly pollutes the environment and threats the human health. Effective treatment of cadmium-induced toxicity and organ damage is an important issue. Cadmium causes organ damage through inducing oxidative stress. Our previous study also found oleic acid (OA) synthesis-related gene can confer resistance to cadmium and alleviate cadmium-induced stress in yeast. However, its alleviation mechanism on cadmium stress especially in animals is still unclear. In this study, the alleviative effects of OA on cadmium and cadmium-induced oxidative stress in rats were investigated. Oral administration of 10, 20, and 30 mg/kg/day OA can significantly increase the survival rate of rats intraperitoneally injected with 30 mg/kg/day cadmium continuously for 7 days. Similar to ascorbic acid (AA), OA can significantly reduce the cadmium-induced lipid peroxidation in multiple organs of rats. The investigation of OA onsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) activity showed that OA increased the SOD activity of cadmium-treated rat organs. More important, OA reduced the level of superoxide radical Oof cadmium-treated rat organs. And OA exhibited a strong DPPH radicals scavenging activity at dose of 10, 20 and 30 mg/mL, which may contributed to alleviating cadmium-induced oxidative stress. This study revealed that OA could significantly alleviate cadmium stress via reducing cadmium-induced lipid peroxidation and SOD activity inhibition through its radicals scavenging activity.